Fund risk ratings
Each of the investment options has a level of risk. It's important to understand what the risks are - and how much risk you want to take - before you make your investment choices.
How you choose to invest your money – along with how those investments perform – could have a big impact on the value of your pension pot in the future.
The Scheme offers a range of investment funds for you to choose from. Affecting the level of risk involved, the funds vary in the types of assets they invest in:
Generally speaking, the higher the risk rating, the higher the expected return over the long term. However, this also means the bigger the expected rises and falls in value will be along the way. On the other hand, lower risk funds may seem like the safe, steady options, however if your investments don't grow over time, inflation could eat into the value of your savings.
Lifestyle strategies invest in a mix of the investment funds listed below but their allocation to each changes over time, moving into lower-risk funds as you near your Target Retirement Age.
When choosing your investments, consider how much risk you’re willing to take, given the expected returns, and how long you have until you plan to take your pot.
All investments can experience rises and falls in value – this is known as ‘volatility’.
Investors in high-risk funds can expect to experience sharp rises and falls in value in the short term, but see above average growth over the long term. High-risk funds typically invest in things like shares (equities). This means they are more likely to be affected by changes in the economy and stock markets.
Investors in medium-risk funds can also expect to experience rises and falls in value in the short term, but to a lesser extent than high-risk funds.
Over the long term, they would generally expect lower returns than those produced by a high-risk fund. Medium-risk funds often invest in bonds, managed in a low-activity way aimed to strengthen and sustain fund value over the medium term.
Investors in low-risk funds should expect low growth over the short and long term. Although that means you’re less likely to experience the extreme highs and lows, low risk doesn’t mean no risk. If you save in a low-risk fund for a long time, there is a high risk that the value of your investments are unlikely to keep up with the cost of living (inflation), which makes them unsuitable for long-term investors.
Risk isn’t necessarily bad for you. All funds carry some risk. Your investment choices depend on your attitude to risk - how comfortable you are taking risks with your money. Only you can decide how much risk you're willing to take. To help you understand your own attitude to risk, take a look at our video.
We strongly recommend you speak to an Independent Financial Adviser (IFA) before making any decisions about your financial future.
The Scheme’s administrator, Railpen, has appointed Liverpool Victoria (LV) to provide advice to all RPS members. LV will be offering its services at a discounted rate for RPS members. Alternatively, you can also find a list of IFAs in your area at unbiased.co.uk.
You can find more information on the guidance and advice page.